Varieties of Chillies Found In India

Varieties of Chilli Found In India

The varieties under cultivation differ in the size, shape, colour and pungency of the fruits. The fruits may be thin and long large and thick, short and bell-shaped, small and round. The unripe fruits may be green, creamy, yellow or orange. Similarly, the ripe fruits may be of different shades of red. Capsicum annum and G. frutescens are the two principle species grown in India and the varieties of the former constitute the chief source of the dry chilli of commercial use. The major varieties of India are Birds Eye Chilli (Dhani), Byadagi (Kaddi), Ellachipur (Sannam S4 Type), Guntur Sannam S4Type, Hindur S7, Jwala, Kanthari White, Kashmir Chilli etc. Sannam S 4 variety is most popular variety, with its annual production estimated to be around 3 lakh tons a year. It is also the major variety that is exported.

Local varieties of chillies in different states of India

State
Local name
Tamil Nadu
‘Salem’, ‘Ramanand’, ”, ‘Samba local’, ‘Sattur Samba’, Co 1, Co2, K-1, K-2
Andhra Pradesh
‘Mundu’, Sadasvipet’, ‘Sivali’, ‘Nailapadu’, ‘Warangal’, ‘Lanka Chilli’.
Assam
‘Suryasmukhi’, Latabh’, ‘Tiger’
Bihar
‘Rahri’, ‘Sity Patna Red’, ‘Sabour’
Gujarat
‘Cholar’, Patta’
Karnataka
‘Javari’, ‘Javageal’, ‘Colibil danur’, ‘Gowridnur’, ‘Byadgi type’, ‘Sankeshwar type’, ‘Chincholi’, ‘Killegal type’, ‘Arsikere’, ‘Madhugiri’.
Kerala
‘Kandhari’.
Maharashtra
‘Dondiha’, ‘Achaipur’, ‘Malkapuri’.
Madhya Pradesh
‘Elichupr’, NP 34
Punjab
‘Sirhindi’, ‘Sanauri Red’, ‘Sanauri Yellow’, ‘Patna Red’, Rajpura, Long Red’, ‘Jullundur’, ‘Shokati’,Longi
Uttar Pradesh
‘Kalianpur’

CHILLIES OF INDIA

Name
Description
ASTA color value
Capsaicin
Growing areas
Bird’s eye chilli(dhani)
Blood red in color, highly pungent
41.7
0.589%
Mizoram & some areas of Manipur
Byadagi(kaddi)
Red in color, less pungency or without pungency
156.9
Negligible
Dharwar, Karnataka
Ellachipur sannam-S4 type
Reddish in color and very hot
70.4
0.2%
Amaravathi district of Maharashtra.
Guntur sannam-S4 type
Skin thick,hot and red
32.1
0.226%
Guntur, Warangal, Khammam districts of Andhra pradesh.
Hindpur-S7
Red in color,hot and highly pungent
33
0.24%
Hindpur in Andhra Pradesh.
Jwala
Highly pungent, light red in color, short and the seeds are pungent
0.4%
Kheda, Mehsana and in south Gujarat.
Kanthari – white
Short and ivory white in color with high pungency
2.96
0.504%
Kerala and some parts of Tamil Nadu.
Kashmiri chilli
Long,fleshy, deep red in color
54.10
0.325%
Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir and also in subtropical regions of North India during winter seasons.
Madhya Pradesh G.T.sannam
Red in color and pungent
Indore, Malkapur Chikli and Elachpur areas of Madhya Pradesh.
Madras pari
Pure red in color and hot
73.82
0.206%
Nellore District of Andhra Pradesh
Nagpur
Red in color and pungent
Nagpur District of Maharashtra
Nalchetti
Red in color and extremely pungent
77.03
0.12%
Nagpur District of Maharashtra
Ramnad Mundu
Yellowish red and hot
32.95
0.166%
Ramnad District of Tamil Nadu
Sangli sannam-S4type
Light red in color and hot
73.55
0.215%
Kolhapur District of Maharashtra
Sattur-S4
Red in color,pungent with thick skin
59.1
0.24%
Virudhunagar, Dindigul, Sattur, Rajapalayam, Sankarankoil & Theni in Tamil Nadu.
S9 Mundu
Tomato red in color with fairly good pungency
Tadapally-big long
Red in color,less pungent,thick skin
80.30
0.11%
Tadappally in Andhra Pradesh
Tomato chilli(Warangal chappatta)
Deep red and les pungent
125.26
0.17%
Warangal, Khammam, East & West Godavari Districts of Andhra Pradesh
Scotch Bonnet
Introduced from Jamaica. Cultivationn in India is on the initial stage